||Plays an essential role in autophagy: interacts with ATG12-ATG5 to mediate the conjugation of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) to LC3 (MAP1LC3A, MAP1LC3B or MAP1LC3C), to produce a membrane-bound activated form of LC3 named LC3-II. Thereby, controls the elongation of the nascent autophagosomal membrane (PubMed:18849966, PubMed:12665549, PubMed:24954904, PubMed:24553140, PubMed:23392225). Regulates mitochondrial antiviral signaling (MAVS)-dependent type I interferon (IFN-I) production (By similarity). Negatively regulates NOD1-and NOD2-driven inflammatory cytokine response (PubMed:24238340). Instead, promotes with NOD2 an autophagy-dependent antibacterial pathway. Plays a role in regulating morphology and function of Paneth cell. .